It is known that the root canal is the part of the tooth in the mouth, it is the hollow part of the tooth that contains nerve tissue and blood vessels and is also known as the pulp of the tooth, a tooth usually consists of a crown and roots, the crown is located mainly above the gum, while it is located The roots under it, which connect the jaw bones, the pulp is located inside the crown and the root and nourishes the teeth and provides moisture to the surrounding tissues. teeth, and it is commonly used nowadays.
Root canal treatment is recommended for teeth affected by advanced caries or any other dental injury, where nerves, pulp and gum irritation that occur due to advanced tooth decay or dental injuries resulting from exposure to accidents.
Root canal treatment is very important to prevent decay or infection in the initial stages in order to avoid complications such as the formation of an abscess (a pus-filled pocket), which leads to the spread of damage and pain beyond the ends of the roots of the tooth and can cause serious damage later.
Do not underestimate or underestimate root canal disease, so you should go to the doctor in case you feel some pain in order to diagnose your condition and discover any disease before its complications occur, unlike routine procedures such as cleaning and filling, root canal treatments are done for extreme cases such as advanced tooth decay and infections that have not They are treated and that affect the root of the tooth.
If your dentist suspects that you need root canals treatment, he or she will first take an x-ray of your mouth and teeth to check and check for signs of infection or tooth decay especially in the roots of the teeth and the surrounding bone.
In difficult cases, the doctor will discuss with you the options available to treat your teeth according to their diagnosis. Root canal treatment is usually completed in two visits to the doctor.
To get started, your dentist will use a local anesthetic to numb the area around the affected tooth and help you relax. For especially anxious patients, dentists may recommend full anesthesia to ensure that the treatment is completed correctly and safely, but if the nerve is already dead, which means there is no sensation in the tooth. In the affected area, you may not need anesthesia after all.
Once the anesthetic is in place, your dentist will place a rubber stopper (a piece of rubber) around the tooth to keep the area dry and free of saliva around the root canal.
2- Removing the infected pulp
The essence of root canal treatment begins by drilling to reach the depths and roots of the tooth, allowing the dentist to remove infected pulp, decaying nerve tissue, and bacteria. Until you reach the full depth of the tooth suitable for scraping and cleaning the roots and removing the pulp, your dentist will spray water or sodium hypochlorite into the area to remove any accumulated debris.
After cleaning the infected pulp, your dentist will proceed to close the tooth. Depending on your diagnosis, the dentist may choose to wait up to a week before closing the tooth. This happens if there is an infection that requires a combination of medications to remove and dispose of before closing the tooth, the doctor will then By placing a temporary filling in the outer opening to keep saliva and food particles out of the affected area and to prevent them from seeping in.
At the end of the root canal treatment phase in Saudi Arabia, the dentist will restore the treated tooth to fill the area where the infected or decayed pulp was removed by using fillings such as crowns to protect the treated area and prevent the weak teeth next to it - if any - from breaking. The filling process allows your teeth to Work its full function and improve its appearance and aesthetic form.
Root canal treatments are known for their extremely high success rates, with a success rate of up to 95%, so many root canal teeth remain permanent for life. Most patients resume their routine once the anesthetic wears off and the operation is completed. To suffer from some allergies due to inflammation of the tissues, which can be relieved with the use of painkillers.
In some rare cases, complications of this process can occur due to the presence of a new infection, if there are more root canals in the tooth than expected, it may be because at least one of them was left unclean completely.
Undetected cracks in the tooth root, restoration problems, and collapse of fillings can cause bacteria to enter and re-contaminate the previously infected area. When this occurs, your dentist may recommend surgery such as root endectomy to reduce inflammation in order to preserve the tooth.
There is no substitute for oral hygiene as it works to keep the teeth, mouth and jaws in a healthy and healthy condition at all times, use the brush and floss regularly and visit the dentist for examinations and cleanings to prevent the recurrence of these problems.